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Breast Cancer Research Professorship in Professorship in the Clinical Care and Oncology [1992]: Occupied by Vered Stea- Research of Pediatric Endocrinology rns buy toradol 10 mg free shipping, M generic 10 mg toradol mastercard. Plotnick’s retirement cheap toradol 10mg on-line, the name Richard Bennett Darnall Chair in Surgery of the endowed professorship will become [1964]: Unoccupied purchase toradol from india. Professorship in Funding provided by a bequest in the will the Clinical Care and Research of Pediatric of Mrs. Richard Bennett Darnall Professor Emeri- Funding provided from the bequest of Mrs. Funding provided by the estate of Admiral Funding provided by a bequest in the will of Conner. DeLamar, who was born in the chair shall be the Director of the Harriet Holland in 1843 and came to America after the Lane Clinic. On the advice of Funding provided from income from the prin- his attorney, he divided his $30 million estate cipal which will be used “in honor of Dr. David between the “three best medical schools of the Hellmann and that the holder of the chair be day -Johns Hopkins, Harvard and Columbia”. Cudahy, the Funding provided by contributions of current founder of Marquette Electonics, which pro- and former faculty, fellows, and house staff duces medical, diagnostic, monitoring and of the Department of Radiology. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Clarence Doodeman Professorship in [2005]: Unoccupied. Funding provided by Edward and Loretta Harvey Cushing Professorship in Neuro- Downey to honor Mrs. Funding provided by the Eccles Foundation Firor as a fne surgeon, teacher, and humani- and by Mrs. Edgerton Endowment in Pediatric Epilepsy [2009]: for an endowed professorship for the Director Unoccupied of the Department of Plastic and Reconstruc- Funding will be used for pediatric epilepsy. Jonas Friedenwald Professorship in Oph- Doctor Dorothy Edwards Professorship in thalmology [2004]: Unoccupied. Gynecology and Obstetrics [1986]: Harold Named for father of experimental ophthalmic E. Fries Professorship in Medicine Edwards, who attended the Johns Hopkins [2006]: Unoccupied School of Medicine from 1917-1921. Funding provided by the Garrett Fund for the Eudowood Professorship in Pediatric Immu- surgical treatment of children founded by nology [1986]: Jerry A. Eudowood was the name of a tubercu- losis hospital offcially known as The Hospital William Thomas Gerrard, Mario Anthony for Consumptives of Maryland, which joined Duhon and Jennifer and John Chalsty with other institutions to form the Children’s Professorship in Urology [1998]: William B. King Fahd Chair in Molecular Medicine Given Foundation Professorship in Pedi- [1993]: Andrew P. Funding provided by the Kingdom of Saudi Funding provided by the Irene Heinz Given Arabia. The King Fahd Professorships in the and John LaPoute Given Foundation of New School of Medicine represent “an indication of York for the purposes of medical research and the mutual human interest and mutual support teaching. Goldberg Professorship in Oph- King Fahd Chair in Pediatric Oncology thalmology [1999]: Ran Zeimer, M. Professorship sorship in Ophthalmology [2009]: Michael [2000]: William Baumgartner, M. Funding provided by various residents, Established by Robert and Maureen Fedu- patients and friends of Vincent L. Green Professorship in Macular Bayard Halsted Professorship in Cell Biol- Degeneration and Other Retinal Diseases ogy and Anatomy [1943]: Unoccupied. Funding provided by a bequest in the will of Funding provided by a bequest from Joseph Mr. Richard Green Professorship of Oph- nature, causes, means of prevention, and thalmology [2007]: Richard D. Brain Science Institute [2011]: Jeffrey Roth- Funding provided by Department of Surgery’s stein, M. Income from the principal will be used to pro- Jacob Handelsman Professorship in Sur- vide faculty support and “advance the work gery [2004]: Michael A. McGehee Harvey and diverse neurosciences community, while Chair in The History of Medicine [1992]: making decisions effciently and moving tar- Occupied by Harry M. Medicine, and many friends and relatives of Funding for this professorship was provided the Harveys. Burton Grossman to ensure in the Department of the History of Medicine the integration of the progression of specifc to recognize Dr. Harvey’s (class of 1934) sec- ophthalmologic diseases and to develop ond interest in history after 27 years as Direc- techniques for preventing these diseases. Willard and Lillian Hackerman Professor- Funding provided by a commitment made in ship in Oncology [1981]: Moody D. Hagen Professorship in Ophthal- Sherlock Hibbs/Eugene VanDyke Profes- mology [1998]: Unoccupied. Professorship Haller Professorship in Pediatric Neuro- in Neurosciences and Kennedy Krieg- logic Diseases [1996]:Harvey S. Schuster Center for Digestive and Motil- Homcy Professor for research and teach- ity Disorders at the Johns Hopkins Bayview ing in the Department of Neurosciences in Medical Center. Jeffs Professorship in Pediatric undergraduates and graduate neuroscience Urology [2010]: John P. Income from the principal will ate research at the Krieger School of Arts and be used for a professorship in pediatric urol- Sciences. The endowment will be held in the Brady Johns Hopkins Family Professorship in Urological Institute at the School of Medicine. Funds provided by the descendants of the To be established by commitments made in parents of Johns Hopkins. Johnson John Eager Howard Chair in Endocrinol- and residents in the Department of Neurolo- ogy and Metabolism [1990]: Paul W. Knott Directorship of the McKu- long time member of the Johns Hopkins facul- sick/Nathans Center for Medical Genetics ty and Chief of the Division of Endocrinology. Knott in honor the elucidation of the relationship between of her late husband who served as a Trustee unilateral renal disease and high blood pres- of the Hospital and, with his wife, was an sure, and the role of a protein factor in urine extremely generous supporter of Hopkins. Dale Hughes Professorship in Oncology ogy Center and Professor in Oncology [2000]: Mario A. Hughes is a ee of the Hospital and, with his wife, was grateful patient of the Oncology Center and an extremely generous supporter of Johns made this commitment because of the care Hopkins. Chair in Ortho- Mood Disorders in the Department of Psy- paedic Surgery (Good Samaritan Hospital) chiatry [2008]: James Potash, M. Funding will be provided by Arlene and Rob- Established through a commitment made ert Kogod to provide the fnancial support and in 1997 by Good Samaritan Hospital and stability for research, education, and clinical patients of Dr. Everett and Margorie Kovler Professor- Funding for this professorship provided by Dr. The endowment will be held in in Vascular Surgery [1998]: Bruce Perler, the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer M. Zanvyl Janssen/Strauss-Halbreich Professorship Krieger, a 1928 graduate of the Johns Hop- [1998]: Unoccupied. Strauss, Janie Strauss McGarr and various Zanvyl and Isabelle Krieger Professorship donors to create a professorship at the Marvin in Urology [2000]: Unoccupied. Zanvyl served as Director of the Department of Neu- Krieger, a 1928 graduate of the Johns Hop- rosurgery from 1973 to 2000. George LeBoff Professorship for The Raymond and Anna Lublin Profes- Research in Digestive Diseases [1999]: sorship in Medicine [1989]: Jeremey D. Raymond LeBoff for support in the Division of Lublin to support the leader of the Division Gastroenterology. Legum Professorship in Acute Neurologi- Edythe Harris Lucas and Clara Lucas cal Medicine [1999]: Daniel Hanley, M. Appointment to the Professorship will Funding provided by Clara Lucas Lynn, a be made by the Dean on the recommenda- grateful patient of Dr. The recipient will be a leader in Cancer Research [1996]: Stephen Baylin, research of severe brain injury and disease. Clinical Investigation of Cancer [1999]: Established to be occupied by the Vice-Dean Ross C.

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However the potential for deep penetra- tion by the tooth and the significant force involved with this injury facilitate the transfer of saliva into multiple planes generic 10mg toradol with amex. The virus is spread by direct contact buy toradol 10mg with visa, and therefore infection may result from occupational exposure generic toradol 10 mg with amex. Healthcare professionals and cosmetologists have traditionally been at increased risk for this infection toradol 10 mg on-line. Soft Tissue Injuries to the Hand • Nail bed injuries are relatively common and are usually the result of direct hand trauma. Traditional literature supports removal of the nail and repair of the nail bed for subungual hematomas occupying greater than 25-50% of the nail bed. However, some data suggests that leaving an intact nail plate to approximate the nail bed laceration is less traumatic and equally effective. The splint should be anchored by a nonabsorbable suture though both the splint and the area just proximal to the nail sulcus. Xeroform or Vaseline gauze should be placed under the nail fold to prevent adhesions of the eponychium to the matrix. Fractures • Bones of the hand are the most commonly fractured in the body and the fifth meta- carpal is the most frequently fractured bone in the hand. In order to preserve function, anatomic reduction is generally required for fractures of the index and long finger metacarpals. Orthopedic Emergencies 223 • These fractures are typically unstable and reduction is difficulty to maintain sec- ondary to deforming muscle forces. Closed reduction and treatment in a thumb spica splint is the pre- ferred treatment. Therefore, after initial splinting with a thumb splica splint, the patient should be referred to a hand surgeon. The counter-regulatory hormones include glucagon, epinephrine, growth hormone and cortisol. These hormones promote gluconeogenesis and lipolysis while in- hibiting peripheral glucose utilization. Insulin blocks gluconeogenesis and lipolysis while promoting peripheral glucose utilization. The hormonal imbalance between in- sulin and its counter-regulatory hormones promotes hyperglycemia and leads to aci- dosis through ketogenesis. As the kidney’s capacity to reabsorb glucose is surpassed, the excess glucose in the renal tubule is excreted drawing out water and with it sodium, potas- sium, magnesium, calcium and phosphorous. A history of recent discontinuation of insu- lin or intercurrent illness is usually obtained. The etiology is unclear but is likely due to gastric distention or stretching of liver capsule and resolves with treatment. However, initial potassium levels obtained may be normal or high sec- ondary to extracellular shifts in the setting of metabolic acidosis. Also, pseudohyponatremia results from glucose drawing water into the intravascular space, thereby diluting the serum sodium concentration. In some facilities, the blood gas has the added advantage of providing a rapid set of electrolyte results (i. Leukocytosis is common, often >15,000-20,000 without infection, making bandemia the best clue to infection. The hematocrit may be elevated due to hemoconcentration from prolonged dehydration. More normal saline may be needed depending on the level of dehydration and hemodynamic stability. Complications include a precipitous drop in K+ if not supplemented early, fluid over- load among patients with significant preexisting cardiac or renal disease, and cerebral edema (particularly in pediatric patient). In the presence of hemodynamic instability an initial normal saline bolus of 20 ml/kg is given over 1 h. In the dehydrated, but hemodynamically stable pediatric patient an initial fluid bolus is not necessary and may increase the risks of cerebral edema. Potassium Repletion + 9 • Beware of life-threatening hypokalemia once fluids and insulin are begun. K shifts back into cells and urinary losses are temporarily increased as renal excretion returns to normal. Oral replacement, if the patient can tolerate it, is as effective and safer than intravenous routes. Before starting a drip, it is important to prime the tubing with 50 ml of the insulin infusion, as insulin will bind to the tubing. The optimal rate of glucose decline is 100 mg/dl/h keeping the glucose above 250 mg/dl during the first 5 h of treatment. It is important to remember that the goal is not euglycemia but normalization of the anion gap acidosis. Also, the anion gap may correct while the serum bicarbonate level 228 Emergency Medicine remains low. This is usually secondary to nonanion gap hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, which may persist after overhydration with normal saline. It is important to give a dose of subcutaneous regu- lar insulin 30 min prior to discontinuing the insulin drip to prevent a rebound of hyperglycemia and acidosis. It is important to rule out diabetic infectious emergencies: necrotizing fasciitis, osteomyelitis, Fournier’s gangrene, malignant otitis externa, rhinocerebral mucormycosis, emphysematous pyelo- nephritis and emphysematous cholecystitis. Other Interventions 9 • Phosphorus: Give 20 meq of potassium phosphate for a phosphorus level <1. Electrolytes should be obtained hourly for the first few hours, then every 2 h once a positive trend is established. This may occur if insulin levels are sufficient to maintain a normal blood glucose but not sufficient to block lipolysis and ketogenesis. Ketoalkalosis • In the setting of severe vomiting (metabolic alkalosis), dehydration (contraction alka- losis), and hyperventilation (respiratory alkalosis), acidemia may not always be present. It must be taken seriously with prompt diagnosis and treatment and early consultation of a pediatric critical care specialist and or pediatric endocrinologist. Dur- ing treatment the glucose level should decrease no faster than 50-100 mg/dl/h, and should be checked hourly. When under the age of 5 yr, only mildly ill, or within 6 h of a subcutaneous dose use 0. The goal is to keep glucose approximately between 180-200 throughout the first 24 h of therapy. It involves an acute alter- ation in mental status usually 6-10 h after initiation of therapy. The exact etiology is unclear but may be due to “idiogenic osmoles” devel- oped in brain cells in response to a hypertonic environment. Insulin Pump • The use of insulin pumps is becoming more common, particularly in the pediatric population, secondary to the convenience and steady glucose control it provides. The result is severe hyper- glycemia, osmotic diuresis, profound dehydration, and electrolyte depletion. This can be explained by three reasons: (1) more profound dehydration and electrolyte disturbances, (2) older demographics, (3) life-threatening precipitants and coexisting disease are more com- mon. Clinical Signs and Symptoms • Polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss, fatigue and weakness often begin days to weeks be- fore presentation. Focal neurologic deficits are often found including hemiparesis, hemianopsia, cranial nerve findings, aphasia and dysphagia, and focal seizures. Serum potassium levels may initially be normal or even high depending on extracellular shifts. Fluid Replacement • The first treatment objective is to establish hemodynamic stability with 0. The goal is to replace 50% of losses over the first 12 h, with the remainder over the next 24 h. Begin replacement once potassium is in the normal range and the patient is making urine.

As most of the major foundations which grew up in the first half of this century were based upon the petro-chemical industry order 10 mg toradol with amex, financial patronage for medicine primarily supported allopathic and pharmaceutical treatments generic toradol 10mg with mastercard. Other major foundations which subsidised buy discount toradol 10mg online, and therefore had some control over cheap toradol, American medicine throughout the twentieth century include the Ford Foundation (motor cars), the Kellogg Foundation (cereals), the Commonwealth Fund (created by Edward Harkness of Standard Oil), the Sloan Foundation (General Motors), and the Macy Foundation. In 1915 the Rockefeller Institute was set up, intent upon rivalling the Pasteur Institute in France and the Koch Institute in Berlin. Both of these institutes were completely given over to the study of scientific medicine. It had five divisions and a new strategy of concentrating effort on the life sciences. By the time of the Second World War, the Rockefeller business empire was co-operating with a large number of other pharmaceutical holding companies in a cartel arrangement which 17 was headed by Rockefeller and the massive German chemical combine I. Much of the money continued to be spent on the reductionist sciences like molecular biology. For over half a century the Rockefeller Foundation determined the direction and the content of medical research, without competition. Both before and after the Second World War, Rockefeller money washed around Europe, helping scientists to travel and hold conferences, 20 providing equipment and laboratories for major European institutes after the war. From the beginning, the support of scientific medical research by industry meant that the responsibility for disease was placed within the internal biological structure of the individual organism. In terms of illness, at least, the individual became separated from their environment and the industrial process, both of which were inevitably seen by the large industrial foundations as benign. This view stood in sharp contrast to the older holistic view of medicine, which always tried to see the person within the context of their immediate environment. As industry developed in the twentieth century and the philanthropic foundations began to exert even more pressure on medicine and its practice, this conflict was to surface repeatedly. Chapter Two The Beginning of the Health Fraud Movement Scientific matters can not possibly ever be decided upon in court. They can only be clarified by prolonged, faithful bona fide observations in friendly exchanges of opinion, never by litigation. It was set up in 1938 to protect the American public against false medical and health claims and harmful products. Since its inception, it has tended to defend the interests of the large 3 American food producing corporations, the pharmaceutical industry and medical orthodoxy. Before the Second World War, medicinal products did not have to be licensed in America. The New Deal, with its progressive if not socialistic intentions, heralded the beginning of a federal administration in a number of different domestic areas. They have been reformers with a left of centre view of economics and social administration. Their modern views on social administration were also inevitably in favour of progressive scientific development. In 1957, a Congressional investigation into drug pricing took place, it became known as the 6 Kefauver Hearings. Then in 1962, following the first news of the Thalidomide 7 horror,ff Congress passed amendments to the Food and Drug Act, which ordered the implementation of drug effectiveness requirements by 1964. Kefauver was principally concerned with monopolies and the way in which they distorted the market. In 1957, he chaired a series of hearings into prices in the large monopoly industries in America; these became known as the Kefauver Hearings. The hearings which looked at the drug companies went on from December 1959, until the passage of the Kefauver-Harris legislation in October 1962. Pregnant women taking the drug gave birth to malformed children with truncated or missing limbs and a high mortality rate. As was pointed out at the time, effectiveness could only really be determined by clinical and scientific trials and not by the subjective views of administrators, some of whom had vested interests. At the same time as legislating for the drug industry, and as if as a sop to pharmaceutical interests, the Food and Drug Administration moved against the manufacturers of vitamins and food supplements. The National Health Federation, a particularly energetic lobby, campaigned from 1962 until 1976 against this regulation of 9 vitamins and food supplements. Instead of shouldering this heavy responsibility, we find the agency engaged in bizarre and juvenile games of cops and robbers. When Gaylord Hauser, Paul Bragg, Edward McCollum and I, among others, preached the importance of natural whole grain bread — free of chemical preservatives — the dictocrats seemed to act as a gang to give us all the trouble possible. In their opinion we were quacks of the lowest order to suggest that it was harmful to eat devitalized, denatured, chemicalized, and highly preserved white bread. During the intermission I went into our supply room and found George Daughters holding my eight year old son on his lap and asking questions. Once these villainous straw men are set up all the unorthodox researchers, healers, health food distributors 16 and auto-therapists are identified with them. The assault upon alternative practitioners, which began in the early sixties and continued through the seventies, focused particularly upon vitamin supplements. Both vitamins and organic foods were seen as aspects of a preventative health programme and in this sense they represented a threat to purely symptomatically prescribed pharmaceutical remedies. The most frequently used argument was that certain vitamins were dangerous if taken in too high a dose. This was to be an amendment to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act: it guaranteed that people could buy vitamins of any potency without a prescription from a doctor. Rockefeller interests, in the form of the First Boston and Chase Manhattan Bank, have 18 always exerted considerable influence over the New York Times. The article began: Thousands of food faddists, 142 Congressmen and a health lobby, which the Federal Government says has linked to quackery, are backing an obscure bill that would allow Americans to obtain as many vitamins as they want. Yet the Food and Drug Administration, the American Medical Association and experts in pharmacology insist that massive doses of vitamins A and D can be harmful and indeed life threatening in extreme cases. Pending 19 regulations would limit how much of a vitamin a person could buy without a prescription. Her crime was not that she sold the yeast but that she also gave out a leaflet which made health claims for the product. In 1963, it conducted a prosecution against Dr Stevan Durovic who had produced Krebiozen, a non-toxic substance found to be useful in the treatment of cancer patients. By June 1969, they had used this power to ban at least six books on alternative health. Miller of the National Health Federation claimed that there were three more bans threatened. One witness said that he had been approached by the pharmaceutical companies after it had become public that he would be giving evidence. Although the American Medical Association and the Food and Drug Administration have always been the wellspring of the health-fraud movement in America, they are closely followed by front organisations for industry and public relations companies. One cause and one document have become seminal in the historical understanding of the post-war anti-quackery movement. They linked up with other groups which had a vested economic interest in supporting allopathic medicine, principally, the insurance companies, licensing boards, 23 colleges and lobbyists. It drew together official government agencies with the representatives of business organisations and Foundation-funded campaigning medical groups. Nevertheless, it was the Coordinating Conference on Health Information which launched an all-out offensive against alternative and non-orthodox practitioners across the United States. The American Cancer Foundation was responsible for assessing likely targets, and gathering intelligence on alternative cancer treatment organisations. They avoided declaring government interests by not describing the 27 group as a committee at which they would officially have had to record their presence. These agencies in their attacks upon small alternative practitioners rarely used the courts or the police. More often they utilised the regulatory power of professional bodies, the Federal Trade Commission, the Post Office Department, the Food and Drug Administration and the United States Public Health Service. They were approached by the large Foundations, and prompted to initiate policing actions against 28 targeted people. In many cases, people were arrested for selling, or sometimes giving away, booklets which advertised such innocuous health practices as taking vitamins! These distributors now found themselves under restraining orders from the Post Office, the Department of Justice and the Food and Drug Administration. Others who were distributing various salves, nostrums and other preparations, most of them based on herbal formulae, received heavy fines and prison sentences.

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Morris Joseph has created a scholarship Memorial Scholarship Fund Established in fund to defray the cost of a room in Reed Hall 1992 by Dr discount toradol 10mg otc. Kennedy’s 50th Class scholarship aid to needy medical students in Reunion order toradol overnight, this fund was established in 1993 to the School of Medicine buy generic toradol 10mg online. Irene Sluckis to provide scholarship Koteen upon his eightieth birthday by his assistance in the School of Medicine effective 10 mg toradol. The income is to be used for scholar- Waddie Pennington Jackson Scholarship ship aid to fnancially needy students in the Fund This scholarship fund was established School of Medicine. Kress Scholarship Fund Estab- in memory of his wife, Bessie Gills Jackson, lished in 1987 by a bequest from the estate of income from which is to provide scholarship Milton Kress. The income from this endowed support for needy students in the School of gift is to be used as scholarships for needy Medicine. The stu- Edwin Bosley and Dorothy Duncan Jar- dents and amounts of each scholarship is rett Memorial Fund for Medical Scholar- to be selected by the Dean of the School of ships Established in 1977 by a gift from Mr. This fund honors ship monies will be made available to fnan- their children, Andrew J. Nancy Jenison Scholarship Fund izes their parents, Alan and Caroline Laster Through a generous bequest from Dr. Blanche Jenison, a member of the Class of Andrew and Steven Laster served as mem- 1911, a scholarship fund was established bers of the Johns Hopkins Hospital staff in in 1963 to provide fnancial assistance for the Department of Medicine. Maurice Lenarsky Scholarship Fund Board of the Johns Hopkins Hospital makes This fund was established in 1991 by Jane an annual contribution to the School of Lenarsky in honor of her father Dr. Maurice Medicine to provide fnancial assistance to Lenarsky upon his eightieth birthday. Joseph Spauld- annual scholarship to a deserving woman ing Scholarship This scholarship was estab- medical student, was established in 1957 by lished by Mrs. Martin Macht, an alumnus of the School Rose Meinhardt Fund An endowed scholar- of Medicine. This fund is to provide a fnan- ship established by the estate of Rose Mein- cial needy student in the School of Medicine hardt to provide assistance to needy, deserv- through the four years of study. Houston Merritt Scholarship Fund cation This scholarship fund will be used Established in 1990 with a gift from the estate to support a medical student with fnancial of H. Martin is a 1950 graduate of the School of Adolf Meyer Scholarship Established by a Medicine. Bessie Darling Black Fund This fund was established in 2003 by Massey; the income is to be used for scholar- the Mildvan family to honor their devotion to ships in the School of Medicine. The Manfred Mayer Scholarship Fund Estab- income from this fund is to be used to assist lished in 1985 by the colleagues and friends students in the Five Year Program with pref- of Dr. Manfred Mayer to provide scholarships erence to be given to students from the state to support needy medical students with spe- of Oregon. The scholarship was established in honor John Scott McFarland Scholarship Fund of Dr. Moore’s 35th School of Medicine An endowment fund established in 1965 Reunion, with income to be used to provide under the will of Dr. McFarland, a scholarship assistance to fnancially needy member of the Class of 1902. McGraw Scholarship Fund This Morawetz are available to students in the scholarship was established by The McGraw School of Medicine who are in need of fnan- Foundation in April 1983 with the purpose of cial support. Sandra Morse Scholarship Fund This This fund was established in 1974 by an fund was established in 1993 by M. The income is to be used to sup- cal school students had given her during her port fnancially needy students in the School 29 year tenure as Director of Financial Aid. Edwin Leonard McQuade Scholarship vide assistance to fnancially needy students Fund The income from this endowment, in the School of Medicine. Donald Scholarship This fund was established Mulder established this endowment fund to provide tuition scholarships to medical to provide scholarships for needy medical students. Myatt Parker Endowed Scholarship Fund Estab- Memorial Scholarship Established by the lished in 1996 by Ronald E. Myatt, in memory of her and provide scholarship support to students in the her spouse, Leslie, School of Medicine Class School of Medicine. Park Scholarship Fund An Jesse Myers Scholarship Fund Established endowment fund, established by friends, for- in 1971 in memory of Jesse Myers, who was mer students, and professional colleagues killed in an automobile accident while he was of Dr. Park at the time of his eightieth birth- a First Year student in the School of Medi- day, December 30, 1957, with income allo- cine. The fund is to be used to assist minority cated to student scholarships in the School students at the School of Medicine. This fund provides scholarship whose paintings hang in the Johns Hopkins assistance to deserving medical students in University and Hospital. Payne Scholarship Fund This Nu Sigma Nu Medical Student Scholar- endowment fund was established by Mr. William Hillis, an alumnus of Samuel Payne and to provide scholarships the School of Medicine and a former mem- for deserving students from the state of ber of our faculty. Penney Memorial Scholarship Medicine, and it gives recognition to the past Fund An endowment fund was established in contributions of the Nu Sigma Fraternity to 1986 by Della N. Giacomo and Jan Pirzio-Biroli Scholar- Paul O’Sullivan, a graduate of the School of ship Fund This fund was endowed in 2001 Medicine in 1943, to provide scholarships to by the estate of Giacomo Pirzio-Biroli, Class fnancially needy medical students. Reinhard Medical Scholar- to experience similarly enlightened medical ship These are endowed scholarships made education in the tradition of Johns Hopkins. Reinhard, a graduate of the Fund Family, friends, and former classmates School of Medicine. The fund provides fnancial assis- this fund provides scholarships for medical tance to deserving students in the School of students with preference given to Jewish Medicine. Richardson Fund Established Established in 1980 with a gift from the estate as a bequest from the estate of Dr. The income from this fund is to scholarship aid to students in the School of be used for scholarships for worthy students Medicine. Alvin Riebling Scholarship Fund A gift general practitioners in the feld of family from Dr. Rosenfeld Scholarship Fund ment, established in 1993, is used to provide Established in 1990 by the Estate of Madalyn scholarships for students in the School of Schwentker Rosenfeld, this fund in memory Medicine. Rosenfeld’s father, Jesse Rosen- Radiology Fund for Medical Students feld, his mother, Rose R. Morgan Depart- sister, Carolyn Rosenfeld, is to be used to ment of Radiology and Radiological Science provide students residing in the state of Mary- has established a scholarship fund for medi- land with scholarship support. Raider Scholarship Fund Estab- this fund in 1959 in memory of an eminent lished by Mr. Raider to pay the tuition and/or graduate of the School of Medicine, Class other expenses of worthy students enrolled in of 1900. Memorial Scholarship Medical School in 1993, and died suddenly Fund An endowed fund established in 1996 after a brief illness in 1995. Sapre, family, friends, and this fund is to provide scholarship support to colleagues of Dr. The income students who exemplify the highest ideals in is to provide scholarship assistance to needy the medical profession. Morris Schapiro Scholarship Fund An Randall Scholarships The scholarship fund endowment was established by the Morris was endowed in 1961 by an alumnus of the Schapiro and Family Foundation in Febru- School of Medicine who wished to remain ary, 1954, to aid needy, promising students. Morris Scholarships is to assist able and deserving Schapiro’s seventieth birthday. Schier Fund for Medical Student To qualify for renewal of these scholarships, Aid This endowment was established with a students must maintain academic standing in gift from the estate of Ida F. The Fund This fund was established in 1994 in income from this fund provides scholarship memory of the School of Medicine 1992 aid for fnancially needy medical students. The income monies for the Schillig Scholarship Fund is to be used to help medical students fnance were dedicated during her lifetime by Ottilie their educations. Scholarship Fund students and to assist them in obtaining an This endowment fund was established with a education as doctors of medicine.